Planning and Zoning
Exemptions From Subdivision Review
The Wyoming Real Estate Subdivision Act W.S. § 18-5-303 establishes several exemptions from the requirement that subdivisions undergo review and be issued a subdivision permit by the County.
Unless the method of sale or other disposition is adopted for the purpose of evading the provisions of this article, this article shall not apply to the following subdivisions of land. However, the following subdivisions are subject to requirements which may be adopted by the Board of County Commissioners regarding documentation of the proper use and implementation of the following exemptions:
Family Divisions are a division of land made outside of platted subdivisions for the purpose of a single gift or sale to a member of the landowner’s immediate family and shall be exempt from the subdivision permit requirement, subject to the following requirements:
- Immediate Family Member: A member of the immediate family is limited to any person who is a natural or adopted child, stepchild, spouse, sibling, grandchild, grandparent or parent of the landowner;
- Purposes: The purpose of the division is to provide for the housing, business or agriculture needs of the grantee;
- Title: The land shall have been titled in the name of the grantor for a period of not less than five (5) years prior to the division and parcels created under this paragraph shall be titled in the name of the immediate family member for whom the division is made for a period of not less than one year unless such parcels are subject to involuntary transfer including, but not limited to, foreclosure, death, judicial sale, condemnation or bankruptcy;
- No parcel smaller than 5 acres created under this paragraph shall be further divided unless the owner obtains a subdivision permit pursuant to W.S. § 18-5-304.
- Where the landowner is a corporation and eighty percent (80%) of the shares are held by individuals related by blood or marriage, the sale or gift may be made subject to the provisions of this section to an immediate family member of any shareholder who has owned at least five percent (5%) of the outstanding shares for at least five (5) years continuously before the date of the sale or gift.
The subdivision permit requirement shall not apply to the sale or other disposition of land where the parcels involved are 35 acres or larger, subject to the requirement that ingress and egress and utility easements shall be provided to each parcel by binding and recordable easements of not less than 40 nor more than 60 feet in width to a public road unless specifically waived by the grantee or transferee in a binding and recordable document. All parcels created pursuant to this exemption shall have access as required by Ch. IV Sec.3b(1).
The following types of divisions of land shall be exempt from the subdivision permit requirement:
- A division that may be created by any court of this state pursuant to the law of eminent domain, by operation of law or by order of any court in this state;
- A division that is created by a lien, mortgage, deed of trust or any other security instrument, easements and rights-of-way;
- A division that concerns lands within incorporated cities or towns;
- A division that is created by the sale or other disposition of land to the state of Wyoming or any political subdivision thereof;
- A division that affects railroad rights-of-way;
- A division that is a sale or other disposition of land for agricultural purposes or affects the alignment of property lines for agricultural purposes;
- A division that is created by boundary line adjustments where the parcel subject of the sale or other disposition is adjacent to and merged with other land owned by the grantee;
- A division that creates cemetery lots;
- Is created by the acquisition of an interest in land in the name of the husband and wife or other persons in joint tenancy or as tenants in common, and the interest shall be deemed for purposes of this exemption as only one interest. (This provision is intended for estate planning purposes and not to create new parcels or to otherwise evade these regulations.)
- A division of land creating a parcel five (5) acres or less for the purpose of establishing unmanned communication facilities, compressor stations, metering stations, fiber optic booster stations or similar unmanned facilities.
FILING AND RECORDING PROCEDURE
- The owners or agents of a property owner seeking to record deeds, records of survey, contract for deeds, or other types of instruments shall present to the County Clerk a Certificate of Filing indicating whether the instrument creates any division or subdivision of land. The certificate shall further indicate that any division of land created by the instrument conforms to one or more of the subdivision exemptions of these regulations.
- Requirements for Agricultural Divisions: The owners or agents of a property seeking to record deeds, records of survey, contract for deeds, or other types of instruments that divide land pursuant to the agricultural purposes exemption, shall present to the County Clerk a covenant to be recorded with the instrument. This covenant shall conform to the Covenant for Agricultural Purposes Exemption (see Appendix 10 of the Park County Development Standards and Regulations).
- A Record of Survey shall accompany or be referenced by all deeds recorded in the Office of the Park County Clerk that divide land or realign property boundaries. The Record of Survey requirement may be waived only when all parcels created by the division are either section quarters or quarter-quarters or are government resurvey lots or tracts or combinations of these.
Revised September 2015